Anatolia as a source of remedy
Since antique age, Anatolian soil has hosted numerous hospitals offering remedies for several illnesses. From Asclepion of Pergamon to Hierapolis of Pamukkale, here are some remedy centers of Anatolia.
Since ancient times, Anatolia has also been a destination for those seeking to improve their health. For thousands of years, the sick have sought to find healing waters, indoctrination, or music. Today, Türkiye still enjoys a coveted position in health tourism. Each year, millions of people come here to receive both modern and alternative medicine services. This is surely no coincidence; it is a tradition dating back in history. Here are some of the locations of this archaic tradition...
Death can’t enter here: Asclepion in Pergamon
In ancient times, patients came to be cured at health centers called asclepion. The name came from Asclepius, the god of health. Asclepion in Pergamon was one of the most famous of these centers. It was a medical school and the world’s first psychiatric hospital built in 4 B.C. Galen of Pergamon, one of the prominent physicians of the day, was raised here.
Healing cotton fields: Hierapolis in Pamukkale
At 22 kilometers from Denizli, Hierapolis had been known for its healing waters since antiquity. Around 2,500 years ago, when Eumenes II, King of Pergamon, got well here, Hierapolis, which was named after Hiera, the Queen of Amazons, was turned into a health center. Hierapolis has stood out with its cotton-field like travertines throughout history. For thousands of years, many diseases were cured in the 35°C thermal waters containing calcium salts and carbon dioxide./p>
Hydrotherapy center: Allianoi
Allianoi, the ancient city in the Paşa Ilıcası province of Pergamon, was known as the home of Asclepius, the god of health. With 45°C sulfurous water coming out of its soil, the region has served as a hydrotherapy center for many years. Starting in 2 B.C., the region housed a magnificent treatment center that featured rooms, fountains, pools, and thermal facilities. The city was crucial for medicine and pharmaceutics.
Turkish-Islamic tradition: Houses of Healing
Health centers in Anatolia are naturally not limited to those remaining from ancient times. Among the remaining buildings are houses of healing, where in particular the poor and derelicts were treated in keeping with the Turkish-Islamic tradition, and physicians were educated. Mental patients used the houses of healing as well. Patients were treated with medicine, as well as by using music, the sound of water, and aromatic flowers.
The Great Mosque and “Şifahane” (remedy house) of Divriği
This complex includes the mosque, the remedy house and the tomb. Its construction was completed in 1243, during the time of the Seljuk state in Anatolia and under Ottoman reign the complex was used as a madrasa where were taught positive and religious sciences. In the şifahane, which was designed as a general hospital, psychiatric illnesses were also treated.
Famous physicians were trained: Amasya House of Healing
It was built in 1308-1309 in the name Ilkhanid Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh and his wife Ildus Khatun. Hands-on training as well as patient treatment were provided here. Later on, it was turned into a treatment center for mental patients. Amasya House of Healing was one of the most important training centers for physicians.